Dialogue with the art

visual thinking of the inference exercises
Professor M. Greene, a professor of educational philosophy at Columbia University, said that works of art do not take the initiative to uncover its deep connotations and do not immediately show the face in front of the viewers. To see the painting in fact need to repeatedly observe, carefully consider, the use of imagination, keen feeling, in order to hide the hidden meaning of a layer opened.

Guide children to do visual thinking exercises, there are many different levels and methods. From the observation, description, interpretation to the inference step by step in order to start, the purpose is to hope through the visual visual inspiration, to develop children's tendency to think deeply and make thinking system. These habits must be repeated through childhood training, the first few discussed the guidance, observation, description of the publication, interpretation of the essentials, this article on the way to explore, for the future of the child a higher level of thinking ability to lay the foundation.

To see this picture of Henri Matisse's "Woman with a Hat", if you have several children of the same age to practice better, let the children learn to accept different angles of view The Adults can use the following steps to guide:








First, tell the child today to know the French painter Henith Matisse (Henri Matisse) painting.


1. observation - we look at the painting for 2-3 minutes (do not suggest)


2. Narrative - just to describe the picture, but to remind the first in the narrative to join their own views.


3. Interpretation - first explain the concept of interpretation, interpretation is to find out its inner meaning, to find the expression on the screen profound meaning, as in a mystery to find the answer, and answer the answer to the clues must be found on the screen.



Q: "Do you think that Matthias would like to express any ideas from this painting?" You can quote "five W".
Who: Who is it?
What is the theme of painting?
When is the content of the painting?
Where is the painting?
Why: why did the painter draw

Encourage different answers and ideas.


4. Reasoning - to introduce the meaning of reasoning: the children for their own interpretation of the reasons, to tell them in this painting to see what support him think so.

 Q: "What do you see in this picture?"
Annotation: There is a lady, but it seems very unhappy.
Q: What do you think of the picture? What is your reason?
Reasoning: because she wore a beautiful hat, and her clothes are very beautiful.
Q: Why do you think she is not happy? What is the reason?
Reasoning: her face looks very sad, very thin and no smile.


 5. Reflection and link: for this activity to sum up, to children want to see what has been learned.


 Q: What new views do you have on this picture, which you did not find out?

Q: How does the concept of observation, interpretation, and deduction affect your view of this painting?

Q: Is it also some people often observed from the interpretation, from the interpretation to find inferences, such as scientists, novelists, journalists and so on.

Q: When can you use these methods in your life?

"Woman with a hat" (Woman with a Hat)
1950 80.6 X 59.7 cm Canvas Oil Collection American San Francisco Museum of Art Collection



"Woman with a hat" is a portrait of the French fanciful master Henri Matisse for his wife. Matisse brought a great color of the revolution, his shadow in the neck of the part, but with a very bright orange, dark face also with a high degree of light blue, completely without the traditional method of color. Madame Madame opened a women's hat shop in Paris and designed a hat for ladies. So when Matisse portrayed for his wife, he would make a more detailed description of the lady's hat part than the average painter.


Art is different from other disciplines, there is no need for law and rules, so there is no certain standard answer. To the children to enjoy the art, the opportunity to think about art, to encourage a multi-point of view, a unique point of view, into the individual's temperament, experience to talk with the arts, not only to inspire thinking, you can learn from the practice of everyone can Life, have different thoughts and interpretations.


This article is published in the National Children's Paradise magazine in June 1994